Learn the Basics of CNC Lathe Machining

CNC machining has become a highly popular manufacturing technique. Operations like CNC turning machining, milling, cutting, drilling, etc are being adopted in the industries due to the precision and automated abilities. Several traditional machining processes are replaced by CNC machining out of which lathe machining is a significant one. Traditionally, human-operated lathe machines were used for part manufacturing. However, today, CNC lathe has become a popular adoption for parts production. Although the technique has become quite popular, not everyone is well-versed with the basics of CNC lathe machining. This post discusses the basics of CNC lathe machining and its capabilities.

Introduction to CNC Lathe

CNC lathe is a mechanical setup that is integrated with computerized numeric control (CNC) for automated precision machining. This machine can be designed in two types such as flat-bed CNC lathe and slant bed CNC lathe machines. These machines feature multiple components and mechanical linkages that are automated using CNC programs. This method of production is suitable for metal and non-metal machining. It is highly preferred for heavy-duty CNC turning machining.

Benefits of CNC Lathe


Since CNC lathe machining is an upgrade to the traditional lathe machines, the following factors offered by the CNC lathe machines are considered beneficial.

  • CNC lathe is an automated setup therefore no operator is needed while the CNC turning machining, drilling, cutting, etc is taking place.

  • Being fully automated, the CNC lathe system eventually reduces the time for production. Especially, the time for tool change, spindle to tool post adjustments, etc are reduced which leads to quick turnaround production.

  • It is a one-time investment yet cost-efficient process as cost for machining and labor is reduced effectively. Also, CNC lathes generate less scrap as human errors are eliminated. This saves the material cost to some extent without jeopardizing the production quality.

  • Accuracy and precision are the most recognized benefits of CNC lathes. This method can be adapted to manufacture intricate parts to achieve precision and dimensional stability.

Owing to the mentioned benefits, CNC lathes can be used for different production needs.

Applications of CNC Lathe


Commonly, CNC lathe machining is used for the machining of cylindrical or spherical workpieces. However, the following machining processes are performed by using CNC lathe machines.

  • CNC Turning Machining:

    CNC turning machining is performed over a cylindrical or spherical workpiece. It enables the removal of material in the circular or around the axis cutting motion. In this process, the cylindrical or circular workpiece is mounted in the chuck which is rotated by a motorized spindle. The cutting tool is mounted on the tool post. Based on the CNC program set in the control panel, the turning takes place. This machine is suitable for straight turning and taper turning.

  • CNC Drilling:

    CNC drilling can be performed in different ways using CNC lathe machines. Through-hole drilling, counter-bore, miniature drilling, etc can be performed using these machines.

  • Feature Formation:

    Circular groves can be formed using CNC lathes. Features like grooves, slits, notches, fillets, etc can be formed using the CNC lathes, provided the surface remains cylindrical or spherical.

  • Surface Finishing:

    CNC lathes can be used for surface finishing and attaining dimensional accuracy and stability of products.

The following are a few products manufactured using the above-mentioned machining processes of CNC lathe machines.

  • Gears
  • Gaskets
  • Discs
  • Shafts
  • Rods
  • Conical Shafts

However, the scope of production does not limit to the mentioned products. CNC lathes can be used for a wide range of products that needs CNC turning machining, drilling, filleting, surface finishing, etc. To perform any of these CNC machining processes, it is important to source quality services from prominent service providers like BDE, Inc. The company offers precision CNC machining services, where CNC turning machining is their highly appreciated service.

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